The number of commonly used medicinal materials at that time exceeded 100, consisting of herbs, animal material, and minerals.
These historical facts are recorded in the Zhou dynasty’s system of standards, Zhou Dynasty Rites, the first ancient compilation of verse, The Classic of Poems, and The Mountain Sea Classic.
Ancient texts also record “Shen Nong tastes a hundred herbs in a single day and meets seventy toxins” and “Fu Xi drew the eight trigrams, and created nine needles.” Historians believe that Shen Nong and Fu XI were early tribal leaders.
Later on, approximately 5,000 years ago, the leader of one clan defeated the others and became known as the Yellow Emperor, occupying central China.
Worth noting is that in the Zhou dynasty, the dietetic physician was elevated to a very high position and dietetic therapy had a huge impact on following generations.
Historically, all Chinese medical experts expounded on this aspect of therapeutic treatment, and Chinese material medica contains many kinds of fruits, vegetables, grains, and meats.
Yi Yin, a minister from the founding of the Shang dynasty who had been elevated from a slave to a government official, is noted as also being a talented chef who was skilled at using herbs to create boiled medicinal compounds for curing disease.
Historical records note that he wrote a book titled, Yi Yin’s Soup Classic.
There was a medical scientist in the Eastern Han period named Zhang Zhongjing (b150 A. d219 AD) who wrote a sixteen volume work entitled Discussion of Cold Induced Disorders.
In the areas of epidemic, external heat disorders, jaundice, gynecology, and others, this text set down a complete set of treatment principals.
Ancient texts from that early time period show a record of “Stone Needle Acupuncture” already in existence, which is the use of needles made from stone to treat illness.