With unprecedented industrial growth, multiple manufacturing establishments appeared, dedicated to such diverse products as smelting of iron and metal, machinery, soap and candles, glasses, beer, vinegar, gallons of gold and silver, shoes, hats and cotton fabric.The textile sector was quite dynamic in the monarchic period and received large investments until 1890, when it entered into decline.
Various modernizations occurred, principally between 18, when factories with a high level of technological capability were created, able to compete with other major international centers.
Other improvements came with the establishment of factories and forges geared for the production of equipment and pieces for textile manufacture.
Most large industry is concentrated in the south and south east.
The north east is traditionally the poorest part of Brazil, but it is beginning to attract new investment.
And now Brazil ranks second in the world’s largest producer of denim, the third – for the production of knitted fabrics, the fifth – for the manufacture of clothing and seventh – for the production of yarns and fibers.
On the contrary, capital employed in the trade was had already been directed to sectors such as enterprises of urban services, transport, banking and trade.
Still, the manufactured goods were quite diverse: hats, combs, farriery and sawmills, spinning and weaving, soap and candles, glasses, carpets, oil, etc.
Probably because of the instability of the regency period, only nine of these establishments were still functioning in 1841, but these nine were large and could be considered to “presage a new era for manufactures”.
In 1880 the Industrial Association was established, with its first board elected the following year.