Angola has a young population, over 45 percent of which is below fifteen years of age. Over the years, the urban population has grown strongly and more than half the people now live in towns. Many Angolans are bilingual, speaking Portuguese and one or several African languages.
The word "Angola" derives from the title used by the rulers of the Ndongo state.
The title ngola was first mentioned in Portuguese writings in the sixteenth century.
Despite a high annual growth rate, in the beginning of 2000 the population was estimated at 12.6 million.
Since a census has not been held since 1970, the figures are difficult to evaluate.
A Portuguese colony founded on the coast in 1575 also came to be known as Angola.
At the end of the nineteenth century, the name was given to a much larger territory that was envisaged to come under Portuguese influence.Parades, uniforms, and flags are prominent during many political meetings. Present-day Angola is a construct designed by European politicians at the Conference of Berlin in 1885.The national flag is red and black with a yellow machete, a star, and a cogwheel segment. Before that time, the area was inhabited by people with different political traditions, ranging from decentralized mobile groups to autocratic kingdoms.Also, the numbers fluctuate as people attempt to flee when the fighting is intense and return when the fighting has calmed down.It is estimated that in May 2000, 350,700 Angolans lived outside the country and another 2.5 million to 4 million were displaced within the national borders.It is difficult to obtain reliable information because the war precludes research in many areas. Angola is a country of 482,625 square miles (approximately 1.25 million square kilometers) in western Africa, south of the Equator.