An industrial organizational psychologist is one example of executive coach.
Business coaching is not restricted to external experts or providers.
A Christian coach is not a pastor or counselor (although he may also be qualified in those disciplines), but rather someone who has been professionally trained to address specific coaching goals from a distinctively Christian or biblical perspective.
Although various training courses exist, there is no single regulatory body for Christian coaching.
Professional coaching uses a range of communication skills (such as targeted restatements, listening, questioning, clarifying etc.) to help clients shift their perspectives and thereby discover different approaches to achieve their goals.
These skills can be used in almost all types of coaching.
A financial coach, also called money coach, typically focuses on helping clients to restructure and reduce debt, reduce spending, develop saving habits, and develop financial discipline.
In contrast, the term financial adviser refers to a wider range of professionals who typically provide clients with financial products and services.
According to the NSHC, health coaches are qualified "to guide those with acute or chronic conditions and/or moderate to high health risk", and wellness coaches provide guidance and inspiration "to otherwise 'healthy' individuals who desire to maintain or improve their overall general health status".
Homework coaching focuses on equipping a student with the study skills required to succeed academically.
Career coaching is not to be confused with life coaching, which concentrates on personal development.
Another common term for a career coach is career guide.
Occasionally, coaching may mean an informal relationship between two people, of whom one has more experience and expertise than the other and offers advice and guidance as the latter learns; but coaching differs from mentoring in focusing on specific tasks or objectives, as opposed to more general goals or overall development.